Tax Read Time: 3 min

Does Your Child Need to File an Income Tax Return?

As parents, we encourage our children to work, so they can learn important values about work and independence. At what point, if at all, do children need to file an income tax return for the money they earn?

The IRS does not exempt anyone from the requirement to file a tax return based on age, even if your child is declared as a dependent on your tax return.1

Your dependent children must file a tax return when they earn above a certain amount of income.

Dependent children with earned income in excess of $12,550 must file an income tax return. Dependent children with unearned income of more than $1,100 must also file a return. And if the dependent child's earned and unearned income together total more than the larger of $1,100, or a total earned income up to $12,200 plus $350.2

These thresholds are subject to change, so please consult a professional with tax expertise regarding your individual situation.

Here's an example. Kyle is a 20-year-old college student who's claimed as a dependent by his parents. He received $400 in unearned income and $5,500 for a part-time job on campus. He does not have to file a tax return because both his unearned and earned income fall below the thresholds. Kyle's total income of $5,900 is less than his total earned income plus $350.

Even if your child earns less than the threshold amount, filing a tax return may be worthwhile if your child is eligible for a tax refund.

If you decide to prepare a separate return for your child, the same reduced standard deduction rules detailed above will apply.

1. The information in this material is not intended as tax or legal advice. It may not be used for the purpose of avoiding any federal tax penalties.
2. IRS.gov, 2022

The content is developed from sources believed to be providing accurate information. The information in this material is not intended as tax or legal advice. It may not be used for the purpose of avoiding any federal tax penalties. Please consult legal or tax professionals for specific information regarding your individual situation. This material was developed and produced by FMG Suite to provide information on a topic that may be of interest. FMG, LLC, is not affiliated with the named broker-dealer, state- or SEC-registered investment advisory firm. The opinions expressed and material provided are for general information, and should not be considered a solicitation for the purchase or sale of any security. Copyright FMG Suite.

Share |

Have A Question About This Topic?

Thank you! Oops!
 

Related Content

5 Reasons Why Financial Spring Cleaning Should Always Be In

5 Reasons Why Financial Spring Cleaning Should Always Be In

Financial spring cleaning is an important part of being fiscally fit, but don’t limit yourself to clearing the financial clutter during a specific season: Financial spring cleaning should always be in season, keeping you focused on your short-term and long-term money goals.

Four Steps to Valuing an Estate

Four Steps to Valuing an Estate

Determining the value of your estate, or for someone who has passed away, can be a complex undertaking.

The Mattress Dilemma: Where to Stash Your Savings?

The Mattress Dilemma: Where to Stash Your Savings?

Americans are saving more these days.1 Especially millennials. We know why to save: For emergencies, for retirement, to afford big-ticket dreams like home ownership or opening a business. But how to save is another matter.